Indonesian Muslims protest China’s detention of Uighurs


JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — Several hundred protesters chanted “God is Great” and “Get out, communist!” outside China’s embassy in the Indonesian capital on Friday, demanding an end to mass detentions of Uighur Muslims.

The white-robed protesters, almost outnumbered by police, waved banners emblazoned with “Muslims unite to free Uighurs” and flags bearing the Islamic declaration of faith.

Protest organizer Slamet Ma’arif told the crowd that included members of the Islamic Defenders Front vigilante group that their Muslim brothers were “suffering oppression, torture and cruelty by the Chinese communist government.”

Ma’arif, chairman of a conservative alliance behind the mass protests against Jakarta’s minority Christian and ethnic Chinese governor in 2016, said Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim nation, should expel China’s ambassador.

“Save the Uighur community and give them freedom to worship as Muslims,” he said.

“We also call on the Indonesian government to provide real action to help Uighurs like what has been done with Rohingya and we call on Muslims around the world to provide assistance and support for Uighurs,” Ma’arif said.

Up to 1 million ethnic Muslims in China’s Xinjiang region are estimated to be detained in camps where they are subjected to political indoctrination and pressured to give up their religion.

The Associated Press reported this week that some are forced to work in factories and tracked clothing made in one camp to an American sportswear company.

China describes the sites as vocational centers and says the trainees work voluntarily.

Indonesia’s foreign minister Retno Marsudi on Monday summoned China’s ambassador Xiao Qian to explain alleged human rights abuses in Xinjiang.

Indonesia relayed the concerns of various groups in Indonesia and stressed that freedom of religion is enshrined in the U.N.’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights, according to foreign ministry spokesman Aarmanatha Nasir.

Xiao asserted that China is committed to the protection of human rights and its willingness to provide information about the situation in Xinjiang, Aarmanatha said.

Despite those steps, the Indonesian government also says it has no right to interfere in the domestic affairs of other countries.

It is reluctant to publicly criticize Beijing, fearing it could jeopardize potential Chinese investment or invite retaliatory Chinese support for separatists in Papua, a predominantly Christian Papua region where a pro-independence insurgency has simmered for more than half a century.






Xinjiang Authorities Arrest Uyghur Court Official Who Denounced Political Re-education Camps


Authorities in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) have arrested a Uyghur senior court official for “two-faced” tendencies after he expressed concern over the mass incarceration of members of his ethnic group in recent years, according to official sources.

Ghalip Kadir, the deputy head of the Intermediate People’s Court in the XUAR capital Urumqi, was arrested after returning to the region from China’s capital Beijing, where he had attended a conference in April, a source recently told RFA’s Uyghur Service, speaking on condition of anonymity.

The source said Kadir was distressed by the vast number of Uyghurs and other Muslim ethnic minorities who had been detained in political re-education camps throughout the XUAR since April 2017 after being accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” ideas, and had been called for multiple “chats” with officials from the State Security Department after speaking out about the policy.

Uyghur senior court officials are required to sign off on sentences issued in cases concerning crimes of “terrorism” and “religious extremism” in the XUAR, and Kadir may have believed he might later be judged to have been a party to crimes against humanity, according to the source, who said in several instances Kadir refused to approve or delayed paperwork, claiming that authorities were abusing the law.

Kadir filed grievances over the situation in the XUAR with officials from the central government in April to avoid persecution in the region, but though they professed sympathy and vowed to address his concerns, authorities arrested him at the Urumqi airport on his return, the source said.

Kadir’s family and friends only learned of his arrest a month after he was taken into custody, he said.

A staff member at the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court told RFA that Kadir had been removed from his post “quite a long time ago—six months or a year,” when asked to confirm his arrest, but was unsure whether he had been imprisoned or sent to a re-education camp.

“I don't know, as I only studied his case and watched related videos,” the staff member said, adding that the court had made an announcement about Kadir’s arrest.

The staff member said he believed Kadir had been accused of being a “two-faced official”—a term applied by the government to ethnic minority cadres who pay lip service to Communist Party rule, but secretly chafe against state policies repressing members of their ethnic group.






Uyghur Dispersion and Detention – Worse Than We Thought


New details about the detention of Uyghurs in China expose a ruthless state using inhuman methods – including torture – to wipe out a culture.


Yesterday, Bitter Winter reported about the detained ethnic Uyghurs being transferred to prisons in provinces beyond Xinjiang. New details emerging from our continued reporting expose the lengths the Chinese state is going to in its efforts to detain and “re-educate” the population, the use of torture to aid in the re-education, and the determination to keep secret the whole effort.

The Uyghur re-education operation is being exposed as an enormous logistical challenge. As we reported yesterday, the state has had to locate new prison facilities for at least 500,000 Uyghurs previously being held in Xinjiang Province, in far western China, and then organize transportation to move all of these prisoners to their new homes, sometimes hundreds of miles away. We can report today, however, that the preparation and the execution of this plan involved more work than previously known.

According to a prison guard at a facility intended to receive Uyghur prisoners, managers were first ordered to find new places to house existing prisoners in order to make room for the Uyghurs. Once the prisons were empty, renovation began. Security had to be upgraded, including all ordinary glass in the prison cells being replaced with “anti-riot glass,” and adding redundancy to all physical barriers. The guard reports that one must go through four or five doors, including an electric iron door and an iron gate, to enter the building.

One construction worker told Bitter Winter, “The entire prison building has been renovated. In addition to physical upgrades, secrecy has been tightened. These prisoners are completely isolated from the outside world, and it is impossible for the public to know what is happening in the prison. If everyone inside the prison died, no one would know.”

Preparations for the housing of prisoners extended beyond physical logistics to human resources. According to multiple sources, prison guards have been sent to Xinjiang to learn how to deal with Uyghur inmates. Guards’ education included visits to the “transformation through education” camps where Uyghurs have been held previously. At the camps, guards are trained how to “remake” or “fix” Uyghurs for Chinese society. In total, tens of thousands of prison personnel studied the control tactics of Xinjiang police.

According to one police officer who studied these techniques, some of the methods amount to torture. The officer describes, for example, the use of electric shock to punish those who refuse to admit that they are Chinese. The officer recalls, “(Prisoners) are subjected to severe electric shocks. Some of the electric batons are worn out, so guards use electric gloves to shock them instead. The pain from these gloves is worse than that of electric batons. The batons deliver a shock to the skin, but electric gloves give a shock directly to the nerves. The torture does not stop until prisoners admit they are Chinese. There is also a kind of clothing that we call ‘hedgehog vests.’ This clothing delivers electric shocks that are strong enough to kill. Through daily conditioning by electric shock, prisoners are forced to say things like ‘I’m Chinese; I love my country’ and ‘The Communist Party is good.’ Some prisoners are over 70 years old. If they are disobedient, they will be beaten. They are forced to shout slogans and sing the national anthem and Communist songs.”

The authorities have stepped up efforts to monitor prisoners, and to keep their activities secret. According to prison guards, Uyghur prisoners are forced to sit in their cells, surrounded by surveillance cameras. They must wear handcuffs and leg shackles 24 hours a day. As one officer notes, “Even when showering, after removing their clothes, prisoners still must wear handcuffs and shackles.”

A guard at a different prison told our reporter, “Prisoners must wear handcuffs and shackles even when sleeping. Their hands must always be visible, to avoid prisoners making prayer-like motions while in bed. They aren’t allowed to speak the Uyghur language, and must study Mandarin. If they can’t speak Mandarin, they will be beaten, insulted and shocked with electric batons.”

The guard told our reporter that prisoners are told to sit motionless, and that officers are posted to watch the inmates to make sure they don’t move. The reporter asked: Are they required to remain completely motionless? The prison guard replied: “Yes. That, too, is a form of punishment. Even if they develop sores on their buttocks, they still have to remain in a sitting position.”

The combination of harsh treatment and extreme secrecy worried some of our sources most. One prison guard said spontaneously, “It seems that the Communist Party wants to wipe out this (ethnic) group.” Another source lamented, “Given the current detention methods and secrecy measures, all these prisoners could be executed and no one would know. This is even worse than the concentration camps in Xinjiang. Perhaps the Party will simply ‘get rid’ of this generation of Uyghurs and then ‘transform’ the next generation? I don’t dare to think about it.”






Uighur Woman: China Killed My Infant, Electrocuted Me in Muslim ‘Concentration Camp’


WASHINGTON, D.C. — Mihrigul Tursun wept as she told reporters at a press conference in Washington, DC, on Monday about her months of internment at what she called a Chinese “concentration camp.”



Tursun said she was repeatedly stripped naked and interrogated, forced to take drugs, and made to subsist on a starvation diet of bread and broth — all while being separated from her infant triplets, one of whom died at the hands of doctors whom she said force-fed the children through a shunt in their necks.

Tursun is a Uighur Muslim, one of what could be millions of members of ethnic and religious minorities imprisoned in what the Communist Chinese government is defending as “training centers” where individuals are taught the Mandarin language and Chinese culture.

Tursun, 29, said that, as a 12-year-old, Chinese authorities took her from her family to attend a Chinese school. Her internment as an adult began after she studied in Egypt, where she met and married her husband and gave birth to triplets — two boys and a girl.

When she returned to her family in the western Xinjiang region of China to get help caring for her children, Tursun says she was arrested and government officials took her children.

The next time she was allowed to see her children, she was told one of her sons had died after what she believes was force-feeding.

Tursun said she was stripped naked, interrogated for days without sleep about her activities in Egypt, had her head shaven, and was subjected to an intrusive medical examination after her second arrest in 2017. When she was arrested a third time, the treatment became even more brutal.

“The authorities put a helmet-like thing on my head, and each time I was electrocuted, my whole body would shake violently and I would feel the pain in my veins,” Tursun told reporters through a translator at the National Press Club.

“I begged them to kill me,” Tursun said.

Tursun also wept when the translator shared her witnessing the death of others in the camp, some of whom she said were gravely ill but were denied medical treatment.

The detainees were forced to chant praise for Chinese dictator Xi Jinping and were punished if they could not accurately speak or sing the pro-government message, Tursun said.

Tursun appeared with representatives of 278 China scholars from around the globe who held the press conference to announce a statement they signed calling on China to shut the camps and stop the persecution of  Uighur Muslims, Tibetan Buddhists, Falun Gong practitioners, and other ethnic and religious minorities.

“Academia has lost its moral grounding,” Timothy Grose, an assistant professor in Chinese Studies at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in Indiana, told reporters of what motivated he and other academics to join the campaign.

The news of the mass internment of Uighurs in China is finally getting attention from the international community, the panel of scholars said at the press conference.

Al Jazeera reported that, in August, the United Nations Human Rights Council received credible reports that one million or more Uighurs and other minorities were being held in what appeared to be “massive internment camp that is shrouded in secrecy.”

Thanks to a journalist with Radio Free Asia (RFA), who alerted the United States of Tursun’s plight after she was allowed to take her children back to Egypt, she escaped her planned return to China. The State Department worked with the Egyptian government to allow Tursun to come to the United States where she is now living with her son and daughter.

Tursun thanked Americans and the U.S. State Department for saving her life and those of her children and said she has lost contact with her family and feels extreme guilt about their fate, but said she had to tell the truth about what is going on in China.

That truth-telling includes testifying at a Congressional Executive Committee on China hearing on Wednesday in Washington, DC, where Tursun will join other religious minorities who will share their stories about persecution in China.

The co-chairmen of the committee — Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) in the House and Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) in the Senate — have introduced the Uyghurs Human Rights Act of 2018, which calls on China to stop persecuting its citizens because of their religious beliefs and other actions.

“The current assault on religion in China is the most comprehensive effort to manipulate and control religious communities since the Cultural Revolution as the Communist Party of China expands its efforts to systematically transform the very nature of religious communities viewed as threats to the Communist Party dominance—Christians, Muslims, and Tibetan Buddhists in particular,” Smith said at a commission hearing on the issue in July.

“The jailing without charges of over a million Uyghurs and other Muslims is a staggering affront to human dignity and international law,” Smith said. “The [Trump] administration has taken the lead in denouncing publicly what China is doing to the Uyghurs and the bipartisan Uyghur Human Rights Act allows the Administration to coordinate efforts to respond across different agencies.”

The panel at the press club called on governments around the world to put sanctions in place against the Chinese government and said universities should end their partnerships with Chinese educational entities until the camps are closed.

“It is the intention of the organizers of this action to continue to collect signatures to this statement from academics around the world as a means of demonstrating our grave concern regarding this mass internment and psychological torture of innocent civilians on the basis of the ethnic identity and religion,” the statement reads.

The Associated Press reported:

Chinese authorities have denied that the internment camps exist but say petty criminals are sent to “employment training centers.”

The State Department estimates that since April 2017, the Chinese government has detained 800,000 to possibly more than 2 million Uighurs, Kazakhs and other Muslims in political re-education camps.

“The United States will continue to call on China to end these counterproductive policies and free all those arbitrarily detained,” the State Department said. “We are committed to promoting accountability for those who commit human rights violations and abuses, including by considering targeted measures against Xinjiang officials.”






List of Uyghur intellectuals imprisoned in China from 2016 to the present


(Last up-dated on November 14th 2018)

1. Khalmurat Ghopur, (M) Former rector of Xinjiang Medical University, head of XUAR Medical Oversight Bureau, physician, PhD
2. Abbas Es'et, (M) Instructor at Xinjiang Medical University, physician, PhD
3. Nurmemet, (M) Head of Uyghur Traditional Medicine Dept., Xinjiang Medical University
4. Enwer Tokhti, (M) Instructor at Uyghur Traditional Medicine Dept., Xinjiang Medical University
5. Alim Pettar, (M) Instructor at Xinjiang Medical University, physician, PhD
6. Perhat Bekhti, (M) Vice Rector of hospital attached to Xinjiang Medical University
7. Erkin Abdurehim (Oghuz), (M) Professor, Kashgar University, retired
8. Metréhim Haji, (M) Professor, Kashgar University
9. Enwer Isma'il, (M) Associate Professor, Kashgar University
10. Enwer Qadir, (M ) Associate Professor, Kashgar University
11. Gülnaz Obul, (F) Professor, Kashgar University
12. Erkin Ömer, (M) Professor, Kashgar University, school principal
13. Mukhter Abdughopur, (M)Instructor, Kashgar University
14. Qurban Osman, (M) Instructor, Kashgar University
15. Ablajan Abduwaqi, (M) Professor, Kashgar University; chair, Mathematics Department
16. Rahile Dawut, (F) Professor, Xinjiang University; PhD
17. Arslan Abdulla, (M) Former dean, Philology Institute, Xinjiang University; Professor; Head of XUARPeople's Government Cultural Advisors' Office
18. Abdukérim Rahman, (M) Professor, Xinjiang University
19. Gheyretjan Osman, (M) Professor, Xinjiang University
20. Tashpolat Téyip, (M) Professor, Xinjiang University; school principal
21. Alim Ehet, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University; Developer of UyghurSoft software suite
22. Dilmurat Tursun, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
23. Batur Eysa, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
24. Rehim Rehmitulla, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
25. Erkin Imirbaqi, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
26. Nurbiye Yadikar, (F) Instructor, Xinjiang University
27. Nebijan Hebibulla, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
28. Asiye Muhemmedsalih, (F) Instructor, Xinjiang University
29. Abdusalam Ablimit, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang University
30. Abdubesir Shükri, (M) Professor, Xinjiang Normal University; Dean, Philology Institute, Xinjiang Normal University ​
31, Abduqadir Jalalidin, (M) Professor, Xinjiang Normal University; poet, husband of Jemile Saqi
32. Jemile Saqi, (F) Instructor, Xinjiang Education Institute, PhD; wife of Abduqadir Jalalidin ​
33. Yunus Ebeydulla ​, (M) Professor, Xinjiang Normal University ​
34. Ababekri Abdureshit, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang Normal University, PhD ​
35. Nur'eli Shahyaqup, (M) Instructor, Xinjiang Normal University, PhD ​
36. Nurmuhemmet Ömer (Uchqun), (M) Instructor, Xinjiang Normal University, PhD ​
37. Abdurazaq Sayim, (M) Vice Head of Xinjiang Social Sciences Academy; senior researcher ​
38. Küresh Tahir, (M) Researcher, Xinjiang Social Sciences Academy; son of Tahir Talip ​
39. Ablikim Hesen, (M) Head of Uyghur Department and senior editor, Xinjiang Youth Press; poet ​
40.Chimen'gül Awut, (F) Senior editor, Kashgar Uyghur Publishers; poet ​
41. Abduqeyum Tewekkul, (M) Physician, Kashgar Prefectural People's Hospital ​
42. Enwer Abdukérim, (M0 Physician, Kashgar Prefectural People's Hospital ​
43. Memet'éli Abdurehim, (M ) Former head of XUAR Language Committee, retired ​
44. Tahir Himit, (M) Researcher, XUAR Language Committee ​
45. Alimjan, (M) Researcher, XUAR Language Committee ​
46. Na'iljan Turghan, (M) Researcher, XUAR Language Committee ​
47. Abbas Muniyaz, (M) Professional writer, XUAR Writers' Association ​
48. Perhat Tursun, (M) Researcher, XUAR People's Arts Center; PhD; writer, poet ​
49. Tahir Talip, (M) Senior editor, "Kashgar Daily," poet; father of Küresh Tahir, Ilham Tahir and
Méhrigül Tahir 
50. Ilham Tahir, (M) Teacher (fired), middle school attached to Kashgar Normal University; son of Tahir Talip
51. Niyaz Imin, (M) Former teacher, Kucha County #1 Middle School ​
52. Ekrem Islam, (M) Vice Principal, Sanji City #3 Middle School ​
53. Nijat Sopi, (M) Professor, Ili Teachers College; PhD; chair, Literature Dept ​
54. Barat, (M) Former rector, Hotan Teachers College [Dazhuan] ​
55. Abdurakhman Ebey, (M) Former chief, former senior editor, Xinjiang People's Press ​
56. Ekhmetjan Mömin (Tarimi), (M) Senior editor, Xinjiang People's Press ​
57. Yalqun Rozi, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press, retired for health reasons; literary and social
critic ​
58. Qadir Arslan, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press ​
59. Mahibeder Mekhmut, (F) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press ​
60. Ayshem Peyzulla, (F) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press ​
61. Tahir Nasir, (M) Former head, former assistant head editor, Xinjiang Education Press; XUAR People's Government education inspector ​
62. Wahitjan Osman, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press, poet ​
63. Erkin Muhemmet, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press ​
64. Ekber Sirajidin, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press ​
65. Yasin Zilal, (M) Head editor, "Tarim" Journal; poet ​
66. Mekhmutjan Sidiq, (M) Director, Xinjiang Television Station ​
67. Ekhmetjan Metrozi, (M) Technician, Xinjiang Television Station ​
68. Qurban Mamut, (M) Former head editor, former senior editor, "Xinjiang Culture" Journal
69. Qeyum Muhemmet, (M) Associate Professor, Xinjiang Art Institute; actor; host ; husband of Aynur Tash
70. Aynur Tash, (F) Report, Ürümchi People's Radio Station, retired for health reasons; wife of Qéyum Muhemmet ​
71. Ablimit, (M) Independent researcher of Uyghur classical literature; PhD ​
72. Ablet Abdurishit (Berqi), (M) Associate Professor, Xinjiang Education Institute; PhD; poet ​ ​
73. Sajide Tursun, (F ) Postdoctoral researcher at Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious Diversity in Gottingen, Germany ​
74. Kamil Metréhim, (M) Chair, Pedagogical Institute, Ürümchi Vocational University; professor ​
75. Dilraba Kamil, (F) Instructor, Ürümchi #92 Middle School ​
76. Arzugül Tashpolat, (F) Lecturer, Xinjiang Engineering Institute; Arrested together with husband Ekrem Tursun ​
77. Tursunjan Hézim, (M) Instructor, Aqsu #1 Middle School ​
78. Abbas Burhan, (M) Researcher, XUAR Education Department; Vice Principal, Ürümchi City #10 Elementary School ​
79. Ablimit Ablikim, (M) MA student, Shanghai Arts Institute ​
80. Ablet Shemsi, (M) Instructor, Kucha County Ishkhala Village Middle School ​
81. Adil Tursun, (M) Vice Principal, senior teacher, Kashgar Old City County #1 Middle School; National-Level Expert ​
82. Arzugül Abdurehim, (F) Received MA in Japan ​
83. Zulpiqar Barat (Özbash), (M) Former instructor, Xinjiang University; PhD ​
84. Azat Sultan, (M) Chair, XUAR Literature and Arts Union; Chair, Xinjiang Writers Association; Professor; Literature expert ​
85. Idris Nurulla, (M0 Independent translator, poet ​
86. Shahip Abdusalam (Nurbeg), (M) Instructor, Kelpin County #1 Middle School; poet ​
87. Qasimjan Osman (Ghazi), (M) Civil servant, Peyzawat County Party Committee Propaganda Department; poet 
88. Zohre Niyaz (Sayramiye), (F) Instructor, Bay County Sayram Village Middle School; poet ​
89. Muhemmedsalih Hajim, (M) Researcher, Nationalities Research Institute, Xinjiang Social Science Academy, retired; translator of the Quran into Uyghur; religious scholar and translator; died at age 84 in a camp; father of Nezire Muhemmedsalih ​
90. Adiljan Tuniyaz, (M) Former reporter, Xinjiang People's Radio Station; poet; husband of Nezire Muhemmedsalih ​
91. Nezire Muhemmedsalih, (F) Independent writer; wife of Adiljan Tuniyaz; daughter of Muhemmedsalih Hajim ​
92. Ilham Weli, (M) Chair, senior editor, "Xinjiang Gazette" Uyghur Editorial Department ​
93. Mirkamil Ablimit, (M) Vice Chair, senior editor, "Xinjiang Gazette" Uyghur Editorial
Department ​
94. Memtimin Obul, (M) Editor, "Xinjiang Gazette" Uyghur Editorial Department ​
95. Jür'et Haji, (M) Editor, "Xinjiang Gazette" Uyghur Editorial Department ​
96. Erkin Tursun, (M) Editor, director, Ili Television Station ​
97. Abduréhim Abdulla, (M) Senior editor, Xinjiang Audiovisual Press; poet ​
98. Es'et Éziz, (M) Chief, Ürümchi People's Radio Station Uyghur Editorial Department ​
99. Alim Yawa, (M) Former instructor, Peyzawat County Güllük Village Middle School; poet ​
100. Enwer Qutluq (Nezeri), (M) Editor, Xinjiang Television Station; poet ​
101. Khalmurat Eysajan, (M) Instructor, Ili Pedagogical Institute ​
102. Zulpiqar Köresh, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Television Station; singer ​
103. Turdi Tuniyaz, (M) Former Principal, Ürümchi City Experimental Middle School ​
104. Ömerjan Nuri, (M) Instructor, Hotan Teachers College [Dazhuan] ​
105. Qeyser Qéyum, (M) Editor in Chief, "Literary Translations" Journal Committed suicide. Jumped off eighth floor of his office building after a police summons rather than face probable detention in the camps.
106. Abduqadir Jüme, (M) Independent translator, poet ​
107. Mirzahit Kérimi, (M) Former editor (retired), Kashgar Uyghur Press; writer ​
108. Nijad Memtimin, (M) Employee, Kashgar Prefectural Government Information Office; photographer
109. Mutellipjan Memtimin, (M) Owner, "Kashgar White Steed Photo Studio"; photographer ​
110. Mukhtar Rozi, (M) Computer expert; programmer ​
111. Mehmutjan Khoja (Ümidwar), (M) Editor, "Xinjiang Youth" Journal; poet ​
112. Méhrigül Tahir, (F) Instructor, Kashgar Preschool Teachers Training School;daughter of Tahir Talip
113. Nijat Ablimit, (M) Instructor, Kashgar University ​
114. Dilshat Perhat (Ataman), (M) Founder, "Diyarim" Website ​
115. Khalide Isra'il, (F) Editor, "Xinjiang Gazette," retired; writer ​
116. Ablajan Siyit, (M) Vice head editor, senior editor, Kashgar Uyghur Press ​
117. Osman Zunun, (M) Former head editor, senior editor, Kashgar Uyghur Press, retired ​
118. Abliz Ömer, (M) Former head editor, senior editor, Kashgar Uyghur Press, retired ​
119. Dilmurat Ghopur, (M) Vice Rector, Xinjiang University ​
120. Gheyret Abdurahman, (M) Researcher, Xinjiang Social Sciences Academy; Vice Head, Language Institute, Xinjiang Social Sciences Academy ​
121. Abduqéyum Mijit, (M) Researcher, National Culture Research Institute, Xinjiang Social Sciences
Academy ​
122. Abduréhim Rahman, (M) Associate Professor, Xinjiang University; PhD; husband of Ruqiye Osman 
123. Ruqiye Osman, (F) Administrator, Xinjiang University Library; wife of Abduréhim Rahman​
124. Gülbahar Éziz, (F) Civil servant, XUAR Prison Administration Office; psychology counselor; lawyer ​

Supplement: imprisoned intellectuals from other minority nationalities of Xinjiang

1. Qabilqan Sadiq, (M) Editor, Xinjiang Education Press; Kyrgyz
2. Esqer Junus, (M) Researcher, Xinjiang Social Sciences Academy; Kyrgyz
3. Hörmetjan Abdurahman (Fikret), (M) Professor, Xinjiang University; Uzbek
4. Mambet Turdi, (M) Professor, Xinjiang Normal University; literary critic; Kyrgyz


1. This list is composed of prominent Uyghur intellectuals whose imprisonment has been confirmed by the Uyghur diaspora outside China. The imprisonment of some individuals on the list has been investigated by Radio Free Asia; the imprisonment of the other intellectuals listed here has been confirmed by other reliable sources.

2. While considerable care has been taking in compiling and checking the list, obstacles have nonetheless been considerable, given the information blockade imposed on Xinjiang (Eastern Turkistan) by the Chinese government. As a result, there may be errors in the list. We ask readers’ help in correcting any such issues, compiling further information on the individuals listed herein, and adding other detained intellectuals to the list.

3. It is clear that the number of detained intellectuals greatly exceeds the number listed here. This list—and other lists of detained individuals—will be continually revised and expanded.






Power by: Arslan Rahman